It is the duty of every local authority in England and Wales to
regulate all LA-IPPC (Part ‘A2’ Processes) and PPC (Part ‘B’
Processes) within its area. The local authority must ensure
that each process operator holds a valid permit and that the
process is inspected periodically to determine compliance with the
conditions of the permit.
The frequency of inspection is determined by a risk assessment
which considers the hazards on the site and the risk those hazards
pose to the environment. Inspections are normally every 4, 6
or 12 months and are carried out by a qualified IPPC
inspector. If processes are found to be non-compliant then a
range of informal and formal enforcement options are available to
bring about improvements.
Local authorities must also provide central government with
detailed information about the processes within its area on an
All permits are reviewed periodically (at least every 6 years)
to ensure that the process description and permit conditions
accurately reflect the activities on the site. The local
authority inspector can also vary the permit conditions at any time
if the Secretary of States guidance changes or an operator makes an
application for a substantial change to a process.
All permit operators are required to pay an annual fee to the
local authority to cover the costs of regulating the permit.
The fees that local authorities can charge are calculated by DEFRA
and reflect the complexity of the process and the risk it poses to
the community and the environment. The PPC/IPPC fees and
charges for 2012/2013 are available on the
Last Updated - 12/03/2013